Leading Economic Indicator Continues to Take Sail Despite Economic Headwinds
November 25, 2014
Source: Patrick Hurston
Department: American Chemistry Council
WASHINGTON (November 25, 2014) - The Chemical Activity Barometer (CAB), a leading economic indicator created by the American Chemistry Council (ACC), logged a 0.2 percent gain this month, following an upward revision in October which reflected zero growth, as measured on a three-month moving average (3MMA). The year-over-year comparisons have moderated since the summer suggesting an economy continuing to face headwinds and modest gains. The CAB remains up 3.7 percent over this time last year.
The Chemical Activity Barometer has four primary components, each consisting of a variety of indicators: 1) production; 2) equity prices; 3) product prices; and 4) inventories and other indicators. During November, the components were mixed, with production flat, equity prices up, production down, and inventories continuing to improve.
Production-related indicators were mixed in November. The recent housing report showed recovery, but recent trends in construction-related plastic resins, pigments and other performance chemistry suggest a sluggish housing recovery, influenced by factors including shifting preferences, weak finances among first-time homebuyers, and lingering restraints in mortgage underwriting standards. Plastic resins used in consumer and institutional applications were also mixed. October retail sales rebounded from the first decline in a year with broad-based gains across nearly all segments; however, consumer debt lingers at record high levels. Lower gasoline prices are likely to boost confidence for consumers moving forward.
The Chemical Activity Barometer is a leading economic indicator derived from a composite index of chemical industry activity. The chemical industry has been found to consistently lead the U.S. economy's business cycle given its early position in the supply chain, and this barometer can be used to determine turning points and likely trends in the wider economy. Month-to-month movements can be volatile so a three-month moving average of the barometer is provided. This provides a more consistent and illustrative picture of national economic trends.
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